Original Article

Concept analysis of digital sexual violence of adolescents: based on Walker and Avant method

Minsong Kim, Jaeyoung Lee, Younglim Lim, Nahyun Kim*

College of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea

*Corresponding author: drkim@kmu.ac.kr


Purpose: This study was conducted to identify attributes, antecedents, and consequences of digital sexual violence in adolescents. Methods: Using the framework of Walker and Avant’s conceptual analysis, 22 articles on digital sexual violence in adolescents were selected for this study. Results: Attributes were derived from repeated and persistent sexual exploitation, unlimited sexual exposure to the anonymous public, unilateral/collective violence, inevitable bondage, and permanent sexual stigma. Antecedents were identified familiar digital media, low self-esteem, digital grooming, and a lack of a support system. Consequences were identified as emotional disorder, behavioral disorder(drug abuse, suicidal thoughts, etc.), social isolation, interpersonal avoidance, and daily life disruption. The definition of digital sexual violence against adolescents involves repetitive and persistent sexual exploitation using information and communication technologies and digital media. It is a unilateral and collective act of violence that enables unlimited sexual exposure to the anonymous public, imposes inevitable bondage on the victims and causes permanent sexual stigmatisation. Conclusion: This study is expected to contribute to the development of educational programs and conceptual measurement tools for the prevention of digital sexual violence among adolescents.


digital, sexual violence, concept analysis, adolescent

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